FICO - Your Credit Score
Since our world is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans to create a FICO score.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, each agency uses the following to calculate a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage loan these days score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
Is there any way to improve your credit score? Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You should remove any incorrect data from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your score, you have to know your score and ensure that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO score, offers credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at (602) 332-9544.